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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 17(2); 2013 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2013;17(2):173-183.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2013.17.2.173    Published online July 31, 2013.
Physical Activity Level of Preschool Children and Their Mothers' Behaviors Promoting Children's Physical Activity
라진숙1, 채선미2
학령전기 아동의 신체활동 수준과 어머니의 신체활동 증진행위
라진숙1, 채선미2
The purpose of this study was to explore preschool children's physical activity level and their mother's physical activity promotion behaviors.
Physical activity level of preschool children were measured with self report from mothers and were evaluated based on the physical activity guideline of National Association for Sports and Physical Education. Mothers' physical activity promotion behaviors for their children were measured using the questionnaire developed by McMinn et al. A total of 172 questionnaires from the mothers in Seoul and Daejeon were used for data analysis.
Mean of structured physical activity time of the preschool children was 37.88 minutes per day and 61% of them had inappropriate level of physical activity. Mean of sedentary behavior time was 137.21 minutes per day. Most of the children (93%) spent longer sedentary behavior time than the guideline. Mothers with preschool children showed moderate level of physical activity promotion behaviors for their children; mean scores of 12.92 out of 25 for physical activity support and 10.13out of 25 for physical activity permission, and a mean score 14.66 out of 25 for sedentary behavior limiting. Correlations between mothers' physical activity support and increasing of structured physical activity (r=0.165, p=0.05) and decreasing of sedentary behaviors (r=-0.298, p<0.001) were statistically significant, but not strong.
Preschool children need to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviors. Family focused physical activity program for preschool children could be necessary including parental education for improving parental support to increase physical activity level of preschool children.
Key Words: preschool child, motor activity, mother, social support, health promotion
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