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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 16(1); 2012 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2012;16(1):100-112.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2012.16.1.100    Published online January 31, 2012.
Female Workers' Attitudes Toward Menstruation, Premenstrual Discomfort and Coping Method
박지민1, 서순림1, 김건엽1, 김현지2
1경북대학교
2혜천대학교
여성근로자의 월경에 대한 태도, 불편감 및 대처방식
박지민1, 서순림1, 김건엽1, 김현지2
1경북대학교
2혜천대학교
Abstract
Objectives
The study was performed to determine the primary factors that have an effect on attitudes toward menstruation, premenstrual discomfort and coping method of female production workers.
Methods
A structured questionnaire was used to solicit information from female workers in their 20s to 40s working for the P Company in Gumi City in Korea. Data were collected from February 15 to March 2, 2011. The data represented general characteristics, menstrual-related characteristics, attitudes toward menstruation, premenstrual discomfort and coping method; data were collected and analyzed by statistical methods including t-test, ANOVA, pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis.
Results
As a result of a Multiple Regression Analysis that set Premenstrual discomfort as the dependent variable, it was found that with less childbirth experience and more gynecological disorder treatment experience, attitudes toward menstruation were statistically significant for premenstrual discomfort. As a result of another Multiple Regression Analysis that set each coping method as dependent variable, the lower the age and the higher the level of education, the more premenstrual discomfort was statistically significant. In terms of active behavioral coping, a higher the level of education, married marital status, less premenstrual discomfort in family history, and higher menstrual cycles were significant for premenstrual discomfort. In active cognitive coping, premenstrual discomfort was statistically significant. In avoidance coping, lower age, higher caffeine intake, and premenstrual discomfort were statistically significant.
Conclusion
As a consequence of this research, there need to be developed programs and health education for positive attitudes toward menstruation and effective coping to alleviate the premenstrual discomfort of female production workers.
Key Words: attitudes, coping method, menstruation, premenstrual discomfort, female workers
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