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Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2006;10(1):11-20.
Published online January 31, 2006.
The Prevalence of Premenstrual Syndrome and Its Related Factors Among High School Girls
김진1, 류소연2
1조선대
2조선대학교
일부 고등학교 여학생의 월경전증후군 유병률과 관련요인
김진1, 류소연2
1조선대
2조선대학교
Abstract
Objectives
This study was performed to find the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and the relationship between PMS and various factors among high- school girls.
Methods
The subject of this study was 461 high school girls in Seoul, who filled out the questionnaire composed of general characteristics, Psychosocial Well-bing Index (PWI) for stress, and short formed Premenstural Assessment form (PAF) and etc. The prevalence rate was calculated by definition of case, and the relationship between PMS and various factors were examined by chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis.
Results
The prevalence rate of PMS was 5.9%, and the symptoms experienced by most subjects as severe or extreme were feeling under stress, irritability, depression, abdominal pain and bloating. As a results of univariate analysis, the related factors were regularity of menstruation, alcohol drinking, smoking, stress and amounts of daily fluid intake. And the related factors with PMS by multiple logistic regression analysis were intake of monthly pain killer, stress and amounts of daily fluid intake.
Conclusions
The related factors with PMS are intake of monthly pain killer, stress and amounts of fluid intake among high school girls in this study. It is important to prepare effective strategies to control PMS of high school girls and further study will be need for different age groups.
Key Words: premenstrual syndrome, prevalence, risk factors, high school girls


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