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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 22(1); 2018 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2018;22(1):25-34.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2018.22.1.25    Published online January 31, 2018.
Effects of Infant Massage Therapy on Transcutaneous Bilirubin, Feeding, and Excretion in Neonates with Jaundice Undergoing Phototherapy
Seong Jin Jeong1, Mi Kyung Park2
1MOA Hospital, Gwangju, Korea
2Department of Nursing, Nambu University, Korea
아기마사지가 광선요법을 받는 황달 신생아의 경피 빌리루빈치, 수유와 배설에 미치는 영향
정성진1, 박미경2
1광주 모아산부인과
2남부대학교 간호학과
Correspondence:  Seong Jin Jeong,
Email: pmk0220@nambu.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
This paper reports the results of a massage therapy on transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) in the forehead and inguinal regions, feeding intake, urine amount, and defecation frequency for neonates with jaundice who are receiving phototherapy.
Methods
A non-equivalent control group, pre-post, quasi-experimental design was used. Participants were 33 neonates with jaundice admitted for phototherapy and were randomly assigned to one of two groups—an experimental group (n=16), which received 3 days of routine plus 15 minutes of massage three times a day, and a control group (n=17), which received the routine care only. Data were analyzed using x2-test and Mann-Whitney U test with SPSS 21.0 Win program.
Results
On the second day of hospitalization, the experimental group showed significantly lower TcB in the inguinal region (Z=-2.12, p=0.017); on the third day, the experimental group showed significantly lower TcB in the inguinal region (Z=-2.31, p=0.011) and higher defecation frequency (Z=-2.22, p=0.013) compared with the control group.
Conclusion
The study findings suggest that massage for jaundice neonates receiving phototherapy is an effective intervention to reduce TcB in the inguinal region and to increase defecation frequency.
Key Words: jaundice, neonate, massage, bilirubin, excretion
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