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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 22(1); 2018 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2018;22(1):17-24.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2018.22.1.17    Published online January 31, 2018.
Influence of Type D Personality, Dietary Assessment and Increase Exposure Toward Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals on the Dysmenorrhea
Soon Jung Yoon
Department of Nursing, Kongju National University, Korea
D형 성격유형, 식생활습관, 환경호르몬 노출위험행위가 월경곤란증에 미치는 영향
윤순정
공주대학교 간호학과
Correspondence:  Soon Jung Yoon,
Email: k67651471@gmail.com
Abstract
Purpose
This study was performed to identify the factors that influence dysmenorrhea.
Methods
In this study, 205 female participants were enrolled. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire that included scales to assess general characteristics, personality type, dietary assessment, eincrease exposure toward endocrine disrupting chemicals, and the occurrence of dysmenorrhea. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlational coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression, using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.
Results
The average score for dysmenorrhea was 85.04±32.69 points. The percentage of participants belonging to the Type D Personality group was 21.0%. Type D Personality (r=0.473, p<0.001) and increase exposure toward endocrine disrupting chemicals (r=0.532, p<0.001) correlated moderately with the level of dysmenorrhea. The correlation between the degree of dietary assessment and the level of dysmenorrhea was weakly negative (r= -0.170, p<0.05). The most powerful predictor of dysmenorrhea was personality type (β=0.37, p<0.001). A combination of the following factors accounted for 27.3% of the variance in dysmenorrhea: menstrual amount, menstrual regulation, occupation, and marital status.
Conclusions
The results indicate that when nursing assessments and interventions are performed for women with dysmenorrhea, it is necessary for nurses to take into account the personality type of the patient.
Key Words: type D personality, dysmenorrhea


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