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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 20(3); 2016 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2016;20(3):204-210.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2016.20.3.204    Published online September 30, 2016.
Fertility Preservation in Female Cancer Patients
Chan Woo Park
Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center, Dankook University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
여성 암 환자의 가임력 보존
박찬우
단국의대 제일병원 산부인과 난임ㆍ생식내분비분과
Correspondence:  Chan Woo Park,
Email: chanwoopark0805@gmail.com
Abstract
Recent anticancer treatments have led to significant reduction in mortality, but also to an increase in unwanted side effects such as loss of fertility. Combined with an increased age for childbearing, a higher number of cancer survivors require fertility preservation to be pregnant after cancer treatment. The threat of cancer treatment-related infertility can lead to psychological distress, and many patients are interested in maintaining fertility and future pregnancy at the time of cancer diagnosis. International guidelines recommend that physicians discuss, as early as possible, with all patients of reproductive age their risk of infertility from the disease and/or treatment and inform fertility preservation options. Embryo/oocyte cryopreservation are standard strategies for fertility preservation in female patients. Another strategy is pharmacological protection with gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist). Ovarian tissue cryopreservation is still considered experimental techniques. In the present manuscript, we summarize and discuss the up-to-date knowledge on fertility preservation in women with cancer patients.
Key Words: female, cancer, fertility preservation
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