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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 17(1); 2013 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2013;17(1):79-92.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2013.17.1.79    Published online January 31, 2013.
Development of Job Stress Scale for School Health Teachers
김정남1, 이은영2
1계명대학교
2태전초등학교
보건교사 직무스트레스 척도 개발
김정남1, 이은영2
1계명대학교
2태전초등학교
Abstract
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to develop the scale to measure job stress for school health teachers.
Methods
It was performed through three steps. In the first step, open questionnaire was provided for 200 school health teachers to obtain subjective data on their job stress, based on which, 71questions were created. In the second step, the 38 questions were developed by classifying through exploratory factor analysis of the first 71 questions and conducting pilot tests. In the third step,26 questions were finally chosen through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, and verified the differences of school health teachers' job stress by general characteristics using this final scale.
Results
Exploratory factor analysis was approved as the suitable factor analysis (χ2=3178.53,df=325, p=.000, KMO=.932). Confirmatory factor analysis showed acceptability of construct validity (CR>0.5, all factor), convergent validity, (CR, AVE more than marginal value),and discriminant validity (squared multiple correlationConclusion
This study developed the scale to measure job stress for school health teachers of 5 factors and 26 questions and the scale was approved as suitable one. It was suggested that studies on the relationship between health teachers’ personality characteristics and job stress should be conducted.
Key Words: stress, school health, school teacher, job


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