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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 22(3); 2018 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2018;22(3):131-133.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2018.22.3.131    Published online September 30, 2018.
Governmental Policies for Overcoming Low Birth Rate by Country
Ki Hoon Ahn, Ho Yeon Kim, Geum Joon Cho, Soon Cheol Hong, Min Jeong Oh, Hai Joong Kim
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
국가별 저출산 극복을 위한 정책의 실패와 성공
안기훈, 김호연, 조금준, 홍순철, 오민정, 김해중
고려대학교 의과대학 산부인과학교실
Correspondence:  Ki Hoon Ahn,
Email: akh1220@hanmail.net
Abstract
The issue exerting the greatest influence in Korea is the low birth rate. It is important, therefore, to examine the countermeasures taken, and their effectiveness, by other countries suffering a declining birth rate and consequent aging population before Korea. Such countries can be categorized according to their cultural background: the UK, Continental Europe, Scandinavia, and Asia. In Continental European countries, such as Germany and France, the employment rate of women is relatively low, whereas it is relatively high in the UK and Scandinavian countries. In Asian countries, such as Japan and Singapore, despite many policies instituting the work–family balance, a childcare infrastructure, and child allowance, little is being achieved, due to the specific culture of Asia and the social rejection of various family forms. However, it should not be forgotten that those countries succeeding in increasing the birth rate have implemented continuous policies for decades.
Key Words: low birth rate, governmental policies, country
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