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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 22(2); 2018 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2018;22(2):96-105.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2018.22.2.96    Published online May 31, 2018.
The Effect of Parenting Stress and Acculturative Stress on Parenting Efficacy in Vietnamese Married Immigrant Women
Eun Jung Oh1, Mi Jung Oh2
1Department of Nursing Graduate School of Youngsan University, Yangsan
2Department of Nursing, Youngsan University, Yangsan
베트남 결혼이주여성의 양육스트레스와 문화변용스트레스가양육효능감에 미치는 영향
오은정1, 오미정2
1영상대학교 간호학과 대학원
2영상대학교 간호학과
Correspondence:  Eun Jung Oh,
Email: mjoh@ysu.ac.kr
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of parenting stress and acculturative stress on the parenting efficacy of Vietnamese married migrant women.
A total of 130 Vietnamese married immigrant women were recruited from the Multicultural Family Support Center in U-city. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive statistics of a t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis with the SPSS 21.0 program.
The scores of parenting and acculturative stress level were 2.62 and 2.87, parenting efficacy level was 2.98. The Aculturative stress experience was positively correlated with parenting stress (r=0.547, p<0.001), Parenting stress experience was negatively correlated with parenting efficacy (r=-0.486, p<0.001), and, acculturative stress experience was negatively correlated with parenting efficacy (r=-0.460, p<0.001). The multiple regression analysis of acculturative (t=-2.891, p=0.005) and parenting stress (t=-3.818, p<0.001) showed a significant number of factors that explain parenting efficacy. The model included the two independent variables of acculturation stress and parenting stress which were statistically significant (F=24.966, p<0.001), and had a descriptive result of 28.5%.
The results of this study suggest the need for development and implementation of mediation measures such as substantial, cooperative, and systematic parenting programs for women in Vietnam to promote regional community support.
Key Words: Vietnamese married immigrant women, parenting stress, acculturative stress, parenting efficacy

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