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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 26(3); 2022 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2022;26(3):183-193.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2022.26.3.183    Published online July 31, 2022.
The Relationship Between Participating in Online Parenting Communities and Health-Promoting Behaviors for Children Among First-Time Mothers: The Mediating Effect of Parental Efficacy
Minyoung Woo1, Sun-Mi Chae2 
1College of Nursing·Center for Human-Caring Nurse Leaders for the Future by Brain Korea 21 (BK21) Four Project, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
2College of Nursing & Research Institute of Nursing Research, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
초산모의 자녀 양육 관련 온라인 커뮤니티 참여와 아동 건강증진행위의 관계: 양육효능감의 매개효과
우민영1, 채선미2 
1서울대학교 간호대학·간호대학 4단계 BK21 미래 간호인재 양성사업단
2서울대학교 간호대학·간호과학연구소
Correspondence:  Sun-Mi Chae, Tel: +82-2-740-8816, Fax: +82-2-766-1852, 
Email: schae@snu.ac.kr
Received: 16 May 2022   • Revised: 14 July 2022   • Accepted: 15 July 2022
To examine the mediating effects of parental efficacy on the relationship between participating in online parenting communities and health-promoting behaviors for children among first-time mothers with infants and toddlers.
The participants were 174 first-time mothers who used online parenting communities. Data were collected through self-report online questionnaires. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test, 1-way analysis of variance, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple linear regression analysis were performed. The significance of the mediating effect was verified using the Sobel test and PROCESS macro.
Significant predictors for health-promoting behaviors for children among first-time mothers were maternal age, maternity leave, monthly income, weekly use of online communities, daily use of online communities, satisfaction with online communities, and parental efficacy, which explained 51.0% of maternal health-promoting behaviors for children. Parental efficacy partially mediated the relationship between mothers’ satisfaction with using online communities and their health-promoting behaviors for children.
Interventions to enhance satisfaction with online parenting communities and parental efficacy should be developed to promote the health of infants and toddlers. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the needs of mothers for child rearing and health care, and develop online parenting communities that can provide qualitative health information and enable safe online interactions between mothers.
Key Words: Online social networking, Health promotion, Self efficacy, Parents
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