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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 20(1); 2016 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2016;20(1):24-35.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2016.20.1.24    Published online January 31, 2016.
The Associations between Gender-stereotypes and Academic and Employment Stress among Male and Female Nursing Students
Yunkyung Lee, Mi Ah Han, Jong Park, So Yeon Ryu, Seong Woo Choi
Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
남녀 간호대학생의 성 고정관념과 학업 및 취업 스트레스와의 연관성
이윤경, 한미아, 박종, 류소연, 최성우
조선대학교 의학전문대학원 예방의학교실
Correspondence:  Mi Ah Han,
Email: mahan@chosun.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
The numbers of male nurse were steadily increased. This study was to examine the effects of gender stereotypes (GS) on academic and employment stress among male and female nursing students.
Methods
Total 414 nursing students (109 male and 305 female) were sampled from two nursing college in Gwangju. Data collected from March 5th to 17th 2015 by self-reported questionnaires. Descriptive analyses, t-tests, one-way ANOVA, correlation analyses and multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to reveal the association between GS and academic and employment stress.
Results
Overall GS score was 2.4±0.47. And GS scores of male students (2.6±0.48) were significantly higher than the score of female students (2.4±0.45). The average scores of academic stress were similar between male student (2.1±0.46) and female students (2.2±0.47). The average score of employment stress was similar between female students (2.4±0.49) and male students (2.3±0 .52). In multiple linear regression analysis, domestic GS were positively associated with academic stress in male nursing students (β=0.125, p=.009). In the case of female students, total GS (β= 0.122, p=.014) and occupational GS (β=0.145, p=.017) were positively associated with academic stress. And occupational GS were positively associated with employment stress in male students (β=0.206, p=.048). In the case of female students, social GS (β=0.147, p=.012) were positively associated with employment stress.
Conclusions
GS were significantly associated with academic and employment stress in both male and female students. And the association GS and stress were varied by subcategory of GS and sex. Assessment and appropriate management of GS might be helpful to decrease of stress in nursing students.
Key Words: academic, employment, gender, gender-identity, gender stereotypes, stress
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