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Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2004;8(1):37-48.
Published online January 31, 2004.
Content Analysis on Cognitive-affective Experiences in Pap Smear Participants
박소미1, 장순복1, 정재원2
1연세대학교
2서울대학교
Pap 도말검진에 대한 기혼여성들의 인지·정서적 속성 내용분석
박소미1, 장순복1, 정재원2
1연세대학교
2서울대학교
Abstract
Objectives
: To explore the cognitive and affective responses that women experienced during a Pap smear test.
Methods
: A qualitative method was used in which 54 women participated in focus groups. For the content analysis meaningful words, phrases, and sentences were first extracted from the data. These extractions were collected into categories and themes reflecting women's affective and cognitive responses to the experience of Pap testing.
Results
: There were three categories reflecting women's affective responses to the Pap test; test process, relationship with doctors, and test results. Shame, embarrassment, and anxiety were the main responses to the test process. For relationship with doctors affective responses were poor communication, male physician, and lack of respect. Women's cognitive categories included correct, confused, and wrong knowledge and information regarding cervical cancer and Pap test.
Conclusions
: Women's privacy and respect from doctors should be guaranteed in practice. Availability of female doctors, improvement of service systems and environments in Korea, as well as educational support would contribute to increase women's in Pap testing and service satisfaction.
Key Words: Pap smear, cognitive and affective responses
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