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Journal of Korean Maternal and Child Health 2004;8(1):27-36.
Published online January 31, 2004.
Content Analysis of Illness Experiences in Adolescents with Asthma
김동희
국립의료원 간호대학
청소년 천식 환자의 질병경험에 대한 내용 분석
김동희
국립의료원 간호대학
Abstract
Objectives
: To explore the illness experiences of adolescent with asthma and to provide the data to develop nursing interventions for adolescent with asthma.
Methods
: A sample of 5 adolescent aged between 13 to 16 years with asthma were interviewed and content analysis was used to analyze the data.
Results
: Six categories and Twenty five attribute were derived for illness experiences in adolescents with asthma. Burden related to asthma included discomfort, difficulty, wearisome, worry, stress. Pattern of asthma management included troublesomeness, unconcern, ignorance, negative coping behavior, positive coping behavior. Understanding of self included shame, pitifulness, envy, self-confidence. Adjustment of illness included familiarity, acceptance, hope. Relationship of support system included thankfulness, regret, be scolded, support. Need of support included anticipation for care, desire for information.
Conclusions
: It recommended for nurses to understand illness experiences of adolescents with asthma and develop nursing interventions that adjusted to the adolescents. This interventions including above six criteria may help adolescents with asthma to encourage positive experiences and overcome negative experiences.
Key Words: illness experiences, adolescent with asthma
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