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J Korean Soc Matern Child Health > Volume 20(3); 2016 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health 2016;20(3):211-220.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2016.20.3.211    Published online September 30, 2016.
Influencing Factors of Sleep Disturbance in Pregnant Women
Mi Jung Kang1, Jung Hee Yeo2
1Pusan National University Hospital, Korea
2Department of Nursing, Dong-A University, Korea
임부의 수면장애에 미치는 영향요인
강미정1, 여정희2
1부산대학교병원
2동아대학교 간호학과
Correspondence:  Jung Hee Yeo,
Email: jheeyeo@dau.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
This study was to identify the incidence of sleep disturbance and factors influencing their sleep disturbance in pregnant women.
Methods
Data were collected from 131 pregnant women among outpatients who visited two obstetric clinics, one public health center, and P national university hospital to receive prenatal care from July until to September, 2015. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, χ2-test, and logistic multiple regression with PASW/WIN 22.0.
Results
The mean score was 7.97 out of 21 points for sleep disturbance, 42.89 out of 96 points for pregnancy related discomforts, 7.02 out of 30 points for prenatal depression, and 68.65 out of 165 points for childbirth fear. Prevalence of poor sleeper group with more higher 5 out of 21 sleep disturbance points was 72.5%. Factors influencing sleep disturbance were pregnancy related discomforts (OR=1.11; 95% CI: 1.04~1.19), and prenatal depression (OR=1.17; 95% CI: 1.02~1.35).
Conclusion
This study shows that pregnancy related discomforts and prenatal depression affect sleep disturbance in pregnant women. Therefore, to improve sleep disturbance during pregnancy, we need to pay attention to relieving discomforts as well as prenatal depression.
Key Words: sleep disturbance, discomfort, depression, fear, pregnancy


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